Against Transcendence is the first gathering of Paul Forman's influential essays in the history of modern physics. Written over the last twenty years, and offered here with newly written introductions, Paul Forman's essays are exemplary in connecting the content with the context of modern physics. They explore the scientific life in Germany following World War I and America following World War II, underscoring the bearing of wider cultural factors upon the organisation, direction, interpretation, and success of physical research. The volume includes two seminal essays in the history of physics: Weimar Culture, Causality, and Quantum Theory, 1918-1927: Adaptation by German Physicists and Mathematicians to a Hostile Intellectual Environment, and Beyond Quantum Electronics: National Security as Basis for Physical Research in the United States, 1945-1960. Elegantly written and meticulously researched, the essays in Against Transcendence paint a history of modern physics that historians and physicists alike will find fascinating.