This book investigates the origins of fundamentalism, outlining its characteristics and the history of key fundamentalist movements around the world, considering examples from Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. The book argues that fundamentalism develops when modern lay religious leaders challenge the authority of secular states and traditional religious establishments. These new leaders and their followers seek to infuse religious values and practices into all spheres, especially law, politics, education and science. The patterns of religious authority and leadership that characterize fundamentalism have their roots in a Christian context but were globalized through intense intercultural contacts after the mid-nineteenth century. Fundamentalism is a thoroughly modern and global phenomenon because it presupposes the globalization of ideas and practices concerning religious leadership and organization, as well as universal changes in the relationship of religion to modern societies and states.
Investigates the origins of fundamentalism, outlining its characteristics and the history of key fundamentalist movements around the world, considering examples from Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. The book traces the rise and trajectory of fundamentalist movements, as well as their historical development from the nineteenth century to the present.
Introduction; Part I. The Historical and Ideological Context of Fundamentalism: 1. Religion and modernity in the West; 2. Religion and globalization; 3. A global shift in religious authority; 4. Prophecy and preaching; Part II. Fundamentalist Struggles: 5. The struggle for the state; 6. The struggle over law; 7. The struggle for the sciences; 8. The struggle over education; 9. The struggle over women; Conclusion.
'A lucid, accessible, and sophisticated account of fundamentalism as a global phenomenon, this book provides us with both a context and a language to understand some of the most important religious movements of our time. Having been neglected by scholars and languished in the hands of polemicists for more than a decade now, Torkel Brekke has rescued fundamentalism as an analytical concept.' Faisal Devji, University of Oxford'I highly recommend Torkel Brekke's study of fundamentalism. In particular, his analysis of the global import of processes associated with social differentiation in relation to changing notions of authority allows for a detailed display of features common to fundamentalism in a variety of contexts. A fine contribution to the literature on this very important subject.' John Kelsay, Florida State University'In this meticulously researched and broad-ranging book, Brekke asserts that Western and non-Western fundamentalisms are more alike than different ... Written in a simple and accessible style, the book assumes no prior knowledge of religious history. This work will surely become a classic and will be widely used in undergraduate and graduate classes in the social sciences.' Mary Manjikian, Religious Studies Review'The author, a specialist in South Asian studies, is well poised to keep his eye on religious phenomena around the globe, but he also focuses on what globalization specifically means for religion ... he offers a definition of fundamentalism, discusses problems associated with the category 'religious', and warns against false homogenizations of complex movements such as the fundamentalist one.' Martin E. Marty, The Journal of Religion'[This] is a compelling read that will make an excellent methodological tool for any scholars interested in world religions, comparative religious ethics, social-protest movements, globalization, modernity, and method and theory in the study of religion.' Travis Warren Cooper, Religion
Investigates the origins of fundamentalism, outlining its characteristics and history, considering examples from Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism.
Cambridge University Press
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