One of the most noted developments in international law over the past twenty years is the proliferation of international courts and tribunals. They decide who has the right to exploit natural resources, define the scope of human rights, delimit international boundaries and determine when the use of force is prohibited. As the number and influence of international courts grow, so too do challenges to their legitimacy. This volume provides new interdisciplinary insights into international courts' legitimacy: what drives and undermines the legitimacy of these bodies? How do drivers change depending on the court concerned? What is the link between legitimacy, democracy, effectiveness and justice? Top international experts analyse legitimacy for specific international courts, as well as the links between legitimacy and cross-cutting themes. Failure to understand and respond to legitimacy concerns can endanger both the courts and the law they interpret and apply.
This volume provides interdisciplinary insights into international courts' legitimacy. Experts analyse the drivers of legitimacy of specific courts and how these might differ by the court concerned, as well as the links between legitimacy and democracy, justice and effectiveness. It will appeal to scholars, practitioners, reformers and students of ICs.
1. Introduction; Part I. The Legitimacy of Particular Dispute Settlement Mechanisms: 2. Solomonic judgements and the legitimacy of the international court of justice; 3. The global-local dilemma and the ICC's legitimacy; 4. Justice as legitimacy in the European Court of Human Rights; 5. Legitimacy and jurisdictional overlap: the ICC and the inter-American court in Colombia; 6. The legitimacy of the European Court of Justice: normative debates and empirical evidence; 7. The international tribunal for the law of the sea: seeking the legitimacy of state consent; 8. Who decides matters: the legitimacy capital of WTO adjudicators versus ICSID arbitrators; 9. The legitimacy of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes; 10. The Human Rights Treaty Bodies and legitimacy challenges; Part II. Legitimacy - Cross-Cutting Issues: 11. Constitutionalization, not democratization: how to assess the legitimacy of international courts; 12. Democracy, justice and the legitimacy of international courts; 13. Stronger together? Legitimacy and effectiveness of international courts as mutually reinforcing or undermining notions.
An interdisciplinary volume exploring the concept of legitimacy in relation to international courts and what can drive and weaken it.
Cambridge University Press
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