A textbook for undergraduate courses on motor development. Also a reference for researchers in motor behavior and motor development as well as practitioners in physical and occupational therapy, physical education, and rehabilitation.
Life Span Motor Development, Seventh Edition, uses the model of constraints in discussing reasons for changes in movement throughout the life span. It encourages students to examine how the interactions of the individual, environment, and task bring about changes in a person's movements.
Part I. Introduction to Motor DevelopmentChapter 1. Fundamental Concepts Defining Motor Development Constraints: A Model for Studying Motor Development How Do We Know It Is Change? A Developmental Paradox: Universality Versus Variability Summary and SynthesisChapter 2. Theoretical Perspectives in Motor Development Maturational Perspective Information Processing Perspective Ecological Perspective Current Interests Summary and SynthesisChapter 3. Principles of Motion and Stability Understanding the Principles of Motion and Stability Using the Principles of Motion and Stability to Detect and Correct Errors Summary and SynthesisPart II. Development of Motor Skills Across the Life SpanChapter 4. Early Motor Development How Do Infants Move? Why Do Infants Move? The Purpose of Reflexes Motor Milestones: The Pathway to Voluntary Movements Development of Postural Control and Balance in Infancy Summary and SynthesisChapter 5. Development of Human Locomotion The First Voluntary Locomotor Efforts: Creeping and Crawling Walking Across the Life Span Running Across the Life Span Other Locomotor Skills Summary and SynthesisChapter 6. Development of Ballistic Skills Overarm Throwing Kicking Punting Sidearm Striking Overarm Striking Interventions Summary and SynthesisChapter 7. Development of Manipulative Skills Grasping and Reaching Catching Anticipation Summary and SynthesisPart III. Physical Growth and AgingChapter 8. Physical Growth, Maturation, and Aging Prenatal Development Postnatal Development Summary and SynthesisChapter 9. Development and Aging of Body Systems Systems Development During the Prenatal Period Systems Development During Childhood and Adolescence Systems Development During Adulthood Summary and SynthesisPart IV. Development of Physical FitnessChapter 10. Development of Cardiorespiratory Endurance Physiological Responses to Short-Term Exercise Physiological Responses to Prolonged Exercise Summary and SynthesisChapter 11. Development of Strength and Flexibility Muscle Mass and Strength Development of Flexibility Summary and SynthesisChapter 12. Weight Status, Fitness, and Motor Competence A Model of Interrelationships Body Composition Obesity Motor Competence, Activity, Fitness, and Body Composition Summary and SynthesisPart V. Perceptual-Motor DevelopmentChapter 13. Sensory-Perceptual Development Visual Development Kinesthetic Development Auditory Development Intermodal Perception Summary and SynthesisChapter 14. Perception and Action in Development The Role of Action in Perception Postural Control and Balance Summary and SynthesisPart VI. Functional Constraints in Motor DevelopmentChapter 15. Social and Cultural Constraints in Motor Development Social and Cultural Influences as Environmental Constraints Other Sociocultural Constraints: Race, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status Summary and SynthesisChapter 16. Psychosocial Constraints in Motor Development Self-Esteem The Link Between Perceived and Actual Motor Competency Motivation Summary and SynthesisChapter 17. Developmental Motor Learning Unpacking the Definition of "Motor Learning" A Brief History of Developmental Motor Learning Stages of Learning and the Development of Expertise Practice and Motor Learning Augmented Feedback and Motor Learning Other Factors that Impact Motor Learning Summary and SynthesisChapter 18. Conclusion: Interactions Among Constraints Using Constraints to Enhance Learning in Physical Activity Settings Interacting Constraints: Case Studies Summary and SynthesisAppendix. Skinfold, Body Mass Index, and Head Circumference Charts
Kathleen M. Haywood, PhD, is professor emerita at the University of Missouri at St. Louis, where she has researched life span motor development and taught courses in motor behavior and development, sport psychology, and biomechanics. She earned her PhD in motor behavior from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1976. Haywood is a fellow of the National Academy of Kinesiology and the Research Consortium of the Society for Health and Physical Education (SHAPE America). She is also a recipient of SHAPE America's Mabel Lee Award. Haywood has served as president of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity and as chairperson of the Motor Development Academy of SHAPE America. Haywood is also the coauthor of four editions of Archery: Steps to Success and of Teaching Archery: Steps to Success, published by Human Kinetics. She resides in Saint Charles, Missouri, and in her free time enjoys fitness training, tennis, and dog training.Nancy Getchell, PhD, is a professor at the University of Delaware in Newark. For nearly 30 years, Getchell has investigated developmental motor control and coordination in children with and without disabilities. Her current research focus is on brain/behavior relationships in children with developmental coordination disorder and other conditions. She teaches courses in motor development, motor control and learning, research methods, and women in sport. Getchell is currently the president of the International Motor Development Research Consortium as well as a professional member of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, and the International Society of Motor Control. She is a research fellow of SHAPE America and has served as the chairperson of the Motor Development and Learning Academy. Currently, Getchell serves as an associate editor for Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport and on the editorial board of Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy and Frontiers in Psychology. Getchell obtained her PhD from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1996 in kinesiology with a specialization in motor development. In 2001, Getchell was the recipient of the Lolas E. Halverson Young Investigator Award in motor development. Getchell resides in Wilmington, Delaware, where she enjoys hiking, geocaching, and bicycling.