Engage students in mathematics using growth mindset techniques The most challenging parts of teaching mathematics are engaging students and helping them understand the connections between mathematics concepts. In this volume, you'll find a collection of low floor, high ceiling tasks that will help you do just that, by looking at the big ideas at the seventh-grade level through visualization, play, and investigation. During their work with tens of thousands of teachers, authors Jo Boaler, Jen Munson, and Cathy Williams heard the same message-that they want to incorporate more brain science into their math instruction, but they need guidance in the techniques that work best to get across the concepts they needed to teach. So the authors designed Mindset Mathematics around the principle of active student engagement, with tasks that reflect the latest brain science on learning. Open, creative, and visual math tasks have been shown to improve student test scores, and more importantly change their relationship with mathematics and start believing in their own potential. The tasks in Mindset Mathematics reflect the lessons from brain science that: There is no such thing as a math person - anyone can learn mathematics to high levels. Mistakes, struggle and challenge are the most important times for brain growth. Speed is unimportant in mathematics. Mathematics is a visual and beautiful subject, and our brains want to think visually about mathematics. With engaging questions, open-ended tasks, and four-color visuals that will help kids get excited about mathematics, Mindset Mathematics is organized around nine big ideas which emphasize the connections within the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and can be used with any current curriculum.
Introduction 1 Low-Floor, High-Ceiling Tasks 2 Youcubed Summer Camp 3 Memorization versus Conceptual Engagement 4 Mathematical Thinking, Reasoning, and Convincing 5 Big Ideas 9 Structure of the Book 9 Note on Materials 17 Manipulatives and Materials Used in This Book 18 Activities for Building Norms 21 Encouraging Good Group Work 21 Paper Folding: Learning to Reason, Convince, and Be a Skeptic 22 Big Idea 1: Connecting 2D and 3D Worlds 27 Visualize: Seeing Slices 29 Play: Playing with Clay 34 Investigate: The Area of Slices 40 Big Idea 2: Constructing Figures to Scale 47 Visualize: What is Scale? 50 Play: A Fishy Image 55 Investigate: Magnifying Solids 61 Big Idea 3: Seeing Proportional Relationships 69 Visualize: Growing Dough 72 Play: is It Proportional? 80 Investigate: Sizing Up Proportions 86 Big Idea 4: Understanding Percents in the World 93 Visualize: Painting Percents 95 Play: Building Benchmarks 103 Investigate: What's It Going to Cost? 109 Big Idea 5: Building Intuition about Probability 119 Visualize: is It Fair? 121 Play: Fair Sums? 131 Investigate: What's in the Bag? 136 Big Idea 6: Modeling Probabilities 145 Visualize: What's the Chance of That? 147 Play: Probability Carnival 155 Investigate: Go, Go Galton Board! 163 Big Idea 7: Sampling to Understand Populations 171 Visualize: Sampling Dots and Beads 173 Play: Catch and Release 180 Investigate: Wildlife Populations 186 Big Idea 8: Operating with Opposites 197 Visualize: Line Dancing 199 Play: Integer Tic-Tac-Toe 207 Investigate: Coordinating Multiplication 216 Big Idea 9: Using Algebra as a Problem-Solving Tool 225 Visualize: Case by Case 228 Play: (Non) Linear Pattern Puzzles 237 Investigate: Linear Letters 245 Big Idea 10: Exploring Circles 251 Visualize: Building Hunches about Circumference 253 Play: Dissecting Circle Area 260 Investigate: Unraveling Circles 267 Appendix 273 Centimeter Grid Paper 274 1" Grid Paper 275 Snap Cube Grid Paper 276 Isometric Dot Paper 277 Dot Paper 278 About the Authors 279 Acknowledgments 281 Index 283