Elster proposes a normative theory of collective decision making, inspired by Jeremy Bentham but not including his utilitarian philosophy. The central proposal is that in designing democratic institutions one should reduce as much as possible the impact of self-interest, passion, prejudice and bias on the decision makers, and then let the chips fall where they may. There is no independently defined good outcome that institutions can track, nor is there any way of reliably selecting good decision makers. In addition to a long initial chapter that surveys theories of collective decision making, notably social choice theory, and a chapter expounding and discussing Bentham's views, historical chapters on the jury, constituent assemblies and electoral systems develop and illustrate the main ideas. This work draws on a welter of case studies and historical episodes, from Thucydides and Plutarch to the present. It is also grounded in psychology, behavioral economics and law.
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Elster proposes a normative theory of collective decision making. The central proposal is that in designing democratic institutions one should reduce the impact of self-interest, passion, prejudice and bias on the decision makers, and let the chips fall where they may.
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Introduction; 1. The normative study of collective decision making; 2. Ignorance, secrecy, and publicity in jury decision making; 3. A dialogue with Bentham; 4. The optimal design of constituent assemblies; 5. Cross-voting: a study in failure; 6. Conclusion.
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'Well-written and engaging ...' The Times Literary Supplement
This book proposes a normative theory of collective decision making, inspired by Jeremy Bentham but not including his utilitarian philosophy.

Produktdetaljer

ISBN
9781107649958
Publisert
2013
Utgiver
Vendor
Cambridge University Press
Vekt
470 gr
Høyde
235 mm
Bredde
154 mm
Tykkelse
18 mm
Aldersnivå
05, 06, U, P
Språk
Product language
Engelsk
Format
Product format
Heftet
Antall sider
332

Forfatter

Om bidragsyterne

Jon Elster is the Robert K. Merton Professor of Social Science at Columbia University. He has previously held positions at the University of Paris VIII, the University of Oslo, the University of Chicago and the College de France. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, Academia Europaea and the Norwegian Academy of Science, and a corresponding fellow of the British Academy. Elster is the author of twenty-three monographs, which have been translated into eighteen languages. Most recently, these include L'Irrationalite, Alexis de Tocqueville: The First Social Scientist, Le Desinteressement, Explaining Social Behavior, Agir contre soi, Closing the Books and Alchemies of the Mind.

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