This book aims to further the research in the fields of social media and political communication by moving beyond the hype and avoiding the most eye-catching and spectacular cases. It looks at stable democracies without current political turmoil, small countries as well as large continents, and minor political parties as well as major ones. Investigating emerging practices in the United States, Europe, and Australia, both on national and local levels, enables us to grasp contemporary tendencies across different regions and countries. The book provides empirical insights into the diverse uses of different social media for political communication in different societies. Contributors look at the ways in which novel arenas connect with other channels for political communication, and how politicians as well as citizens in general use social media services. Presenting state-of-the-art methodological approaches, drawing on a combination of qualitative and quantitative analyses, the book brings together an interdisciplinary group of researchers in order to address emerging practices of the mediation of politics, campaign communication, and issues of citizenship and democracy as expressed on social media platforms. This book was originally published as a special issue of Information, Communication & Society.
Introduction: social media and election campaigns - key tendencies and ways forward Gunn Enli and Hallvard Moe 1. Wave-riding and hashtag-jumping: Twitter, minority 'third parties' and the 2012 US elections Christian Christensen 2. Political networks on Twitter: tweeting the Queensland state election Axel Bruns and Tim Highfield 3. Between broadcasting political messages and interacting with voters: the use of Twitter during the 2010 UK general election campaign Todd Graham, Marcel Broersma, Karin Hazelhoff and Guido van 't Haar 4. Mastering the art of social media: Swiss parties, the 2011 national election and digital challenges Ulrike Klinger 5. Dodging the gatekeepers?: social media in the campaign mix during the 2011 Danish elections Morten Skovsgaard and Arjen Van Dalen 6. Personalized campaigns in party-centred politics: Twitter and Facebook as arenas for political communication Gunn Sara Enli and Eli Skogerbo 7. Untangling a complex media system: a comparative study of Twitter-linking practices during three Scandinavian election campaigns Hallvard Moe and Anders Olof Larsson 8. An investigation of influentials and the role of sentiment in political communication on Twitter during election periods Linh Dang-Xuan, Stefan Stieglitz, Jennifer Wladarsch and Christoph Neuberger