Anthropologists have a long tradition of prescient diagnoses of world events. Possessing a knowledge of culture, society, and history not always shared by the media's talking heads, anthropologists have played a crucial role in educating the general reader on the public debates from World War I to the second Gulf War. This anthology collects over fifty commentaries by noted anthropologists such as Margaret Mead, Franz Boas, and Marshall Sahlins who seek to understand and explain the profound repercussions of U.S. involvement in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Frequently drawing on their own fieldwork, the anthropologists go beyond the headlines to draw connections between indigenous cultures, corporate globalization, and contemporary political and economic crises. Venues range from the op-ed pages of internationally renowned newspapers such as the New York Times and the Washington Post to magazine articles and television interviews. Special sections entitled "Prelude to September 11" and "Anthropological Interpretations of September 11" include articles that provided many Americans with their first substantial introduction to the history of Islam, Central Asia, and the Middle East. Each article includes a brief introduction contextualizing the commentary.
Anthropologists have a long tradition of prescient diagnoses of world events. This title collects over fifty commentaries by noted anthropologists such as Margaret Mead, Franz Boas, and Marshall Sahlins who seek to understand and explain the profound repercussions of US involvement in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
AcknowledgmentsIntroduction. Anthropologists in the Public Sphere: Speaking Out on War, Peace, and American PowerPart I. War, Peace, And Social Responsibility.Chapter 1. Franz Boas: "Scientists as Spies" (The Nation, 1919)Chapter 2. Margaret Mead: "Warfare Is Only an Invention-Not a Biological Necessity" (Asia, 1940)Chapter 3. Marshall Sahlins: "Once You've Broken Him Down..." (The Nation, 1965)Chapter 4. Gerald D. Berreman: "Contemporary Anthropology and Moral Accountability" (To See Ourselves, 1973)Chapter 5. Laura Nader: "Two Plus Two Equals Zero-War and Peace Reconsidered" (Radcliffe Quarterly, 1983)Chapter 6. Beatriz Manz: "Dollars That Forge Guatemalan Chains" (New York Times, 1985)Chapter 7. David Price: "Anthropologists as Spies" (The Nation, 2000)Chapter 8. Pierre Bourdieu: "Abuse of Power by the Advocates of Reason" (Acts of Resistance, 1998)Part II. Prescient Anthropology: Diagnosing Crises AbroadChapter 9. Robert M. Hayden: "West Must Correct Its Mistakes in Yugoslavia" (Baltimore Sun, 1992)Chapter 10. Robert M. Hayden: "NATO Fuels the Balkan Fire" (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 1999)Chapter 11. Anna Simons: "No Exit from Somalia" (Washington Post, 1991)Chapter 12. Anna Simons: "Our Abysmal Ignorance about Somalia" (Washington Post, 1992)Chapter 13. Anna Simons: "The Somalia Trap" (Washington Post, 1993)Chapter 14. Winifred Tate: "Increased U.S. Military Aid to Colombia Won't Curb Drug Trafficking" (San Francisco Chronicle, 1999)Chapter 15. Winifred Tate: "Colombia: Rules of the Game" (Foreign Policy in Focus, 2001)Chapter 16. Lesley Gill: "Colombia: Unveiling U.S. Policy" (Foreign Policy in Focus, 2002)Chapter 17. Marc Edelman: "The Price of Free Trade: Famine" (Los Angeles Times, 2002)Chapter 18. Ali Qleibo: "How Two Truths Make One Tragedy" (The Independent, 2000)Chapter 19. Jeff Halper: "The Matrix of Control" (Media Monitors Network, 2001)Chapter 20. Jeff Halper: "It Is Time to End the Occupation" (Middle East News Online, 2002)Chapter 21. Hugh Gusterson: "If U.S. Dumps Test Ban Treaty, China Will Rejoice" (Los Angeles Times, 2001)Part III. Prelude to September 11Chapter 22. Ashraf Ghani: "Cut Off the Arms Flow and Let Afghans Unite" (Los Angeles Times, 1989)Chapter 23. James Merryman: "U.S. Can Strengthen African Ties in Wake of Terrorism with Aid, Clear Policies" ([Harrisburg] Patriot-News, 1998)Chapter 24. Robert Fernea: "Egyptians Don't Like Saddam, But..." (Austin American-Statesman, 1991)Chapter 25. Barbara Nimri Aziz: "Gravesites-Environmental Ruin in Iraq" (Metal of Dishonor, 1997)Chapter 26. Fadwa El Guindi: "U.N. Should Act to Protect Muslim Women" (Newsday, 1998)Chapter 27. Zieba Shorish-Shamley, interviewed by Jana Wendt: "Women under the Taliban" (Dateline, 2001)Chapter 28. William O. Beeman: "Follow the Oil Trail-Mess in Afghanistan Partly Our Government's Fault" (Pacific News Service, 1998)Part IV. Anthropological Interpretations of September 11Chapter 29. Catherine Lutz: "Our Legacy of War" (Chronicle of Higher Education, 2001)Chapter 30. David Harvey, Talal Asad, Cindi Katz, Neil Smith, and Ida Susser: "Local Horror/Global Response" (Chronicle of Higher Education: Colloquy, 2001)Chapter 31. William O. Beeman: "A War Our Great-Grandchildren Will Be Fighting-Understanding Osama Bin Laden" (Pacific News Service, 2001)Chapter 32. Janet Mcintosh: "What Have the 9/11 Investigators Overlooked?" (Christian Science Monitor, 2002)Chapter 33. Wade Davis: "We Need a Global Declaration of Interdependence" (International Herald Tribune, 2002)Part V. On Afghanistan, Central Asia, and the Middle EastChapter 34. Robert Canfield: "Nation Is Home to Afghans, Mujahedeen, Taliban, Afghan-Arabs, to Name a Few" (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 2001)Chapter 35. Ashraf Ghani: "The Folly of Quick Action in Afghanistan" (Financial Times, 2001)Chapter 36. Nazif Shahrani: "Afghanistan Can Learn from Its Past" (New York Times, 2001)Chapter 37. Zieba Shorish-Shamley, interviewed by Amy Goodman: "Women in the New Afghanistan" (Democracy Now! 2001)Chapter 38. David B. Edwards and Shahmahmood Miakhel: "Enlisting Afghan Aid" (People's Geography Project, 2001)Chapter 39. Kamran Asdar Ali: "Pakistan's Dilemma" (Middle East Report Online, 2001)Chapter 40. Francesca Mereu, with Sergei Arutyunov and Ian Chesnov: "War Destroyed Chechnya's Clan Structure" (Middle East News Online, 2002)Part VI. Examining Militarism and the "War on Terror"Chapter 41. William O. Beeman: "US. Anti-Terrorist Message Won't Fly in Islamic World" (Pacific News Service, 2001)Chapter 42. David Price: "Terror and Indigenous Peoples: War without End" (CounterPunch, 2001)Chapter 43. John Burdick: "Afghan War Could Be Recruiting Tool for Terrorists" ([Syracuse] Post-Standard, 2001)Chapter 44. Dale F. Eickelman: "First, Know the Enemy, Then Act" (Los Angeles Times, 2001)Chapter 45. John Burdick: "Sept. 11 Exposes Futile Search for 'Perfect' Missile Defense" ([Syracuse] Post-Standard, 2001)Chapter 46. Roberto J. Gonzalez: "Ignorance Is Not Bliss" (San Francisco Chronicle, 2002)Chapter 47. Mahmood Mamdani: "Turn Off Your Tunnel Vision" (Washington Post, 2002)Chapter 48. Thomas Mckenna, interviewed by Nermeen Shaikh: "The Roots of Muslim Separatism in the Philippines" (AsiaSource, 2002)Part VII. Academic Freedom And Civil LibertiesChapter 49. Roberto J. Gonzalez: "Lynne Cheney-Joe Lieberman Group Puts Out a Blacklist" (San Jose Mercury News, 2001) Chapter 50. David Price: "Academia under Attack: Sketches for a New Blacklist" (CounterPunch, 2001)Chapter 51. Hugh Gusterson, interviewed by Sharon Basco: "Lynne Cheney's Free Speech Blacklist" (TomPaine.common sense, 2002)Chapter 52. Laura Nader: "Harmony Coerced Is Freedom Denied" (Chronicle of Higher Education, 2001)Epilogue. Unconventional Anthropology: Challenging the Myths of Continuous WarList of ContributorsPermissionsIndex
"This book demonstrates that anthropologists have a great deal to contribute to political debate, and that the public spirit of anthropology may be rekindling." Mark Pedelty, Associate Professor, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
"This book demonstrates that anthropologists have a great deal to contribute to political debate, and that the public spirit of anthropology may be rekindling." -- Mark Pedelty, Associate Professor, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
University of Texas Press