The ability to use tools is a distinguishing feature of human beings. It represents a complex psychomotor activity that we are only now beginning to comprehend. Robust new theoretical accounts allow us to better understand how people use tools and explain differences in human and animal tool use from the perspective of cognitive science.Our understanding needs to be grounded upon research into how people use tools, which draws upon many disciplines, from ergonomics to anthropology to cognitive science to neuropsychology. Cognition and Tool Use: Forms of Engagement in Human and Animal Use of Tools presents a single coherent account of human tool use as a complex psychomotor activity. It explains how people use tools and how this activity can succeed or fail, then describes the design and development of usable tools. This book considers contemporary tool use in domains such as surgery, and considers future developments in human-computer interfaces, such as haptic virtual reality and tangible user interfaces.No other single text brings together the research from the different disciplines, ranging from archaeology and anthropology to psychology and ergonomics, which contribute to this topic. Graduate students, professionals, and researchers will find this guide to be invaluable.
The ability to use tools is a distinguishing feature of human beings. It represents a complex psychomotor activity which we are only now beginning to fully understand. This text considers contemporary tool use in domains such as surgery, and considers future developments in human-computer interfaces.
IntroductionIntroductionWhat Is a Tool?Tools as "Augmentation Means"Everyday CognitionForms of EngagementThe Structure of the BookHow Animals Use ToolsIntroductionTool Use by Invertebrates and FishTool Use by BirdsTool Use by MammalsMotor Engagement: Pre-Adaptive or Goal-Directed?DiscussionTool Use by Primates and Young ChildrenIntroductionTool Use by Chimpanzee Observed in the WildTool Use by Other Primates Observed in the WildPrimate Tool Use in CaptivityPrimate and Human Infant DevelopmentCultural EngagementDiscussionThe Making of ToolsIntroductionMaking Stone ToolsStudies of Primates Working StoneTypes of Stone ToolCultural EngagementDiscussionWorking with ToolsIntroductionTacit KnowledgeForms of EngagementDiscussionThe Design of Tools IntroductionAnthropometry of the Human HandProperties of ToolsUsing Tools: Posture, Balance, and ActivityBasic Principles of Tool DesignThe Semantics of ToolsIntroductionProduct SemanticsSignifying FormAestheticsSignifying FunctionSignifying OperationTools as "objects to think with"Cultural SignificationsPhysical Tools/Cognitive ToolsDiscussionHow Tool Use Breaks DownIntroductionHuman ErrorAccidents and Injuries when Using ToolsTool Use and Motor ImpairmentApraxiaDiscussionCognitive ArtifactsIntroductionArtifacts and Human PerformanceActivity FlowTools as Cognitive ArtifactsDiscussionTools in the Twenty-First CenturyIntroductionDivisions of Labor/Allocation of FunctionVirtual ToolsReal Objects in Virtual SpaceDiscussionTowards a Theory of Tool UseIntroductionCognitionEnvironmental and Morphological Engagement: Types of AffordanceMotor Engagement: Task Specific DevicesPerceptual Engagement: Interpreting FeedbackCognitive Engagement: Cognitive SchemaCultural Engagement: Representing ActivityDiscussionConclusionsIntroductionForms of EngagementContrasting Animal with Human Tool UseDeveloping a Theory of Tool UseRelating Schema to Forms of EngagementInfluencing DesignDiscussion
"Whilst sets of guidelines for design of handles etc. are readily available within the ergonomics literature, Baber summarizes much of this material succinctly and usefully within the book. ... In sum, this is a useful, interesting, and entertaining read that draws upon a wide literature to embed an analysis of an ancient ... human activity within a theoretical framework. ... [I]t is a refreshing to review a book that has such wide appeal and relevance. It is easy to imagine the book being useful to development psychologists, archaeologists, or ethologists almost as much as to ergonomists. " - Ergonomics, Vol. 48, No. 4, March 2005
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