In the early twenty-first century, courts have become versatile actors in the governance of many constitutional democracies, and judges play a variety of roles in politics and policy making. Assembling papers penned by academic specialists on high courts around the world, and presented during a year-long Andrew W. Mellon Foundation John E. Sawyer Seminar at the University of California, Berkeley, this volume maps the roles in governance that courts are undertaking and the ways they have come to matter in the political life of their nations. It offers empirically rich accounts of dramatic judicial actions in the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and Asia, exploring the political conditions and judicial strategies that have fostered those assertions of power and evaluating when and how courts' performance of new roles has been politically consequential. By focusing on the content and consequences of judicial power, the book advances a new agenda for the comparative study of courts.
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Maps the roles in governance that courts now undertake. Offering empirically rich accounts of dramatic judicial actions in the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and Asia, this book explores the political conditions and judicial strategies that have fostered those assertions of power, and evaluates when and how courts' assertions of new roles have been politically consequential.
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Part I. Expanding Judicial Roles in New or Restored Democracies: 1. The politics of courts in democratization: four junctures in Asia Tom Ginsburg; 2. Fragmentation? Defection? Legitimacy? Explaining judicial roles in post-communist 'colored revolutions' Alexei Trochev; 3. Constitutional authority and judicial pragmatism: politics and law in the evolution of South Africa's constitutional court Heinz Klug; 4. Distributing political power: the constitutional tribunal in post-authoritarian Chile Druscilla L. Scribner; 5. The transformation of the Mexican Supreme Court into an arena for political contestation Monica Castillejos-Aragon; Part II. Expanding Judicial Roles in Established Democracies: 6. Courts enforcing political accountability: the role of criminal justice in Italy Carlo Guarnieri; 7. The Dutch Hoge Raad: judicial roles played, lost, and not played Nick Huls; 8. A consequential court: the US Supreme Court in the twentieth century Robert A. Kagan; 9. Judicial constitution-making in a divided society - the Israeli case Amnon Reichman; 10. Public interest litigation and the transformation of the Supreme Court of India Manoj Mate; 11. The judicial dynamics of the French and European fundamental rights revolution Mitchel de S.-O.-l'E. Lasser; 12. Constitutional courts as bulwarks of secularism Ran Hirschl; Part III. Four 'Provocations': 13. Why the legal complex is integral to theories of consequential courts Terence C. Halliday; 14. Judicial power: getting it and keeping it John Ferejohn; 15. Out of phase: politics, regimes, and regime politics Mark A. Graber; 16. The mighty problem continues Martin Shapiro; 17. Conclusion: of judicial ships and winds of change Diana Kapiszewski, Gordon Silverstein and Robert A. Kagan.
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'Consequential Courts constitutes a major contribution to the comparative study of courts. It provides abundant and detailed examples of politically consequential behaviour of many courts which are not always the object of academic research. It provides abundant and detailed examples of politically consequential behaviour of many courts which are not always the object of academic research. It sets an agenda for future research in this area, and provides much food for thought on the methodological problems associated with large-scale comparative studies of Courts.' Sebastian Castro Quiroz, The Cambridge Law Journal
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Maps the roles in governance that courts are undertaking and how they matter in the political life of these nations.

Produktdetaljer

ISBN
9781107693746
Publisert
2013
Utgiver
Vendor
Cambridge University Press
Vekt
600 gr
Høyde
229 mm
Bredde
152 mm
Tykkelse
20 mm
Aldersnivå
06, P
Språk
Product language
Engelsk
Format
Product format
Heftet
Antall sider
446

Om bidragsyterne

Diana Kapiszewski is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Irvine. She is the author of High Courts and Economic Governance in Argentina and Brazil, which draws on her PhD dissertation, which was winner of the American Political Science Association's Edward S. Corwin Award for Best Dissertation in Public Law, and is also co-authoring Field Research in Political Science, the discipline's first book-length treatment of fieldwork. Her articles have appeared in Perspectives on Politics, PS: Political Science and Politics, the Law and Society Review, Law and Social Inquiry, and Latin American Politics and Society. Gordon Silverstein is Assistant Dean at Yale Law School, where he is helping to develop and implement a PhD in Law degree program, as well as administering Yale Law School's other graduate programs, including the LLM, JSD and MSL degree programs. Silverstein is the author of Imbalance of Powers: Constitutional Interpretation and the Making of American Foreign Policy and Law's Allure: How Law Shapes, Constrains, Saves, and Kills Politics, which was awarded the 2009 C. Herman Pritchett Award for the best book published in the field of law and courts that year. Silverstein also has published work focused on comparative constitutionalism, with a focus on Singapore, Hong Kong and Europe. Robert A. Kagan is Professor Emeritus of Political Science and Law at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of numerous works on regulatory enforcement and compliance and on the relationships between political structures, legal systems and courts, including Regulatory Justice: Implementing a Wage-Price Freeze; Going by the Book: The Problem of Regulatory Unreasonableness; Adversarial Legalism: The American Way of Law; and Shades of Green: Business, Regulation, and Environment. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, recipient of the Law and Society Association's Harry Kalven Prize for distinguished sociolegal scholarship and its Stanton Wheeler Award for teaching and mentorship, and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Law-Courts Section of the American Political Science Association. He has served as co-editor of Regulation and Governance and as director of the Center for the Study of Law and Society at Berkeley.