Preface to the second edition; 1. Introduction; 2. Economic and ideological power relations; 3. A theory of the modern state; 4. The Industrial Revolution and old regime liberalism in Britain, 1760-1880; 5. The American Revolution and the institutionalisation of confederal capitalist liberalism; 6. The French Revolution and the bourgeois nation; 7. Conclusion to chapters 4-6: the emergence of classes and nations; 8. Geopolitics and international capitalism; 9. Struggle over Germany, I: Prussia and authoritarian national capitalism; 10. Struggle over Germany, II: Austria and confederal representation; 11. The rise of the modern state, I: quantitative data; 12. The rise of the modern state, II: the autonomy of military power; 13. The rise of the modern state, III: bureaucratization; 14. The rise of the modern state, IV: the expansion of civilian scope; 15. The resistible rise of the British working class, 1815-80; 16. The middle class nation; 17. Class struggle in the second industrial revolution, 1880-1914, I: Great Britain; 18. Class struggle in the second industrial revolution, 1880-1914, II: comparative analysis of working class movements; 19. Class struggle in the second industrial revolution, 1880-1914, III: the peasantry; 20. Theoretical conclusion: classes, states, nations, and the sources of social power; 21. Empirical culmination - over the top: geopolitics, class struggle, and World War I; Appendix.